(NEXSTAR) – From 2010 to 2020, Vermont’s population grew 2.8 percent to just over 643,000 residents, according to the latest batch of data from the U.S. Census Bureau.

Vermont remains a predominantly white state — 89.8 percent of residents reported their race as white, second only to Maine. However, the state’s minority population is growing, the data showed.

Vermont’s Hispanic population grew by 68.4%, about 6,300 people, the third largest percentage increase in the country. The Black population grew by just under 44%, or just under 2,760, the seventh largest percentage change in the country.

While the percentage increases are large, the actual numbers remain low. The percentage of Vermont’s Hispanic population grew from 1.5% of the state’s population in 2010 to 2.4% in 2020. The percentage of Vermont’s Black population grew from 1% of the state’s population to 1.4%.

Vermont has the second highest percentage in the country of its population over age 18, 81.6%, behind the District of Colombia at 83.4% and just ahead of Maine, 81.5% and New Hampshire at 81.4%.

Click the population change tab and zoom in to your state to view percentage change by county over the last decade.

[Source: U.S. Census Bureau]

The census figures are giving us the clearest picture yet of where people live, with metropolitan areas like Phoenix and Salt Lake City swelling and portions of the Plains and Northeast seeing more residents move elsewhere.

More complete census figures released Thursday show continued migration to the South and West and growth in urban centers.

The share of the white population fell from 63.7% in 2010 to 57.8% in 2020, the lowest on record, though white people continue to be the most prevalent racial or ethnic group. However, that changed in California, where Hispanics became the largest racial or ethnic group, growing to 39.4% from 37.6% over the decade, while the share of white people dropped from 40.1% to 34.7%.

“The U.S. population is much more multiracial and much more racially and ethnically diverse than what we have measured in the past,” said Nicholas Jones, a Census Bureau official.

The data comes from compiling forms filled out last year by tens of millions of Americans, with the help of census takers and government statisticians to fill in the blanks when forms were not turned in or questions were left unanswered. The numbers reflect countless decisions made over the past 10 years by individuals to have children, move to another part of the country or to come to the U.S. from elsewhere.

The release offers states the first chance to redraw their political districts in a process that is expected to be particularly brutish since control over Congress and statehouses is at stake. It also provides the first opportunity to see, on a limited basis, how well the Census Bureau fulfilled its goal of counting every U.S. resident during what many consider the most difficult once-a-decade census in recent memory.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.